THE OFFICIAL AUSTRALIAN MIST STANDARD
Approved by Dr Truda M. Straede.
Australian Mist breed founder. 7th September 2012
The Australian Mist is a well-balanced cat of moderate foreign type, with no tendency to
extremes in any of its characteristics. Both males and females have well sculpted facial
features creating an open generous expression. The males are usually slightly larger than
females, with more developed facial characteristics and musculature. Full muscle
development, desired coat texture and eye colour are normally not achieved until 2 years of
Head - The head is wedge-shaped broad and moderately short with gently rounded contours
from both side to side and front to back. The curve at the back of the skull flows smoothly
into a well-defined neck of medium length and in proportion to the body. Allowance should
be made for jowls in entire males.
Cheeks - Rounded and of good breadth and in proportion to the breadth of the skull. The
junction of the nose, cheeks and inner corner of the eyes form a definite depression on
either side of the bridge of the nose .
Jaws / Foreface - Jaws are broad at the jaw-hinge and taper to a blunt muzzle. Nose leather
and chin are flanked by well-defined whisker-pads such that the nose leather, chin and
whisker pads give the impression of a four-leaf clover when viewed from the front
Nose/Profile - Nose is broad, moderately short and of uniform width. In profile there should
be a concave curve below the line of the eyes and a convex curve above that line flowing
into the curve of the forehead, the two parts of the curve being of equal length. No distinct
Chin - Level with the upper jaw such that the chin forms a vertical line from the nose leather to
the bottom of the chin; firm and of sufficient breadth when viewed from the front to
complement the nose leather.
Ears - Moderately large, wide at the base with rounded tips and tilted slightly forward ; opening to the front spaced well apart with rounded top of head of generous proportion between
Eyes - Large and lustrous, the upper lid is STRAIGHT the lower lid is curved, set wide apart and slightly obliquely to give a soft, open gentle expression. Desired colour: all shades of green from chartreuse through to aquamarine. In kittens the colour may start as various shades of gold, generally with a green outline, therefore allowances must be made for age and development.
Body - Medium to large in length and size, feeling substantial and muscular and heavier than
it appears; chest broad and round. The back has a broad arc over a rounded rump, which
is distinct from the more obvious curve over the shoulder blades and flowing into the well defined neck.
Legs & Paws - Legs are slender yet proportionally strong, hind legs slightly higher than
forelegs. Paws are neat and oval in shape.
Tail - Long and thick with minimal taper to a rounded tip, well furred and in balance with the body .
Coat Texture - Short to medium in length, texture is dense and resilient with some degree of
undercoat, the overall feel being plush, 'moss' like with some resistance and should
display a glossy shine indicative of good health and condition.
Coat Pattern - The pattern of the Australian Mist is distinct and a key feature of the breed.
The “misted” effect is partially caused by agouti invasion of the overlying darker pattern and has been deliberately selected for to give the overall impression of a pattern softened at the
edges and merging slightly into the agouti ground. (It is NOT the only source of misting, the remaining part is to do with the colour range selected for, particularly the length of the agouti banding on each hair) All markings are delicate, though distinct from the paler agouti ground, which provides a misted background.
Spotted - An unbroken line runs back from the corner of the eye to meet a broken line
running from the corner of the mouth. Markings on the forehead form an intricate letter
“M” with complex scarab behind it and extending into lines over the back of the head and
down the neck. Several broken or unbroken necklaces on the upper chest and neck.
Spine lines may be broken or unbroken. Markings on the body are formed of symmetrical
spots of any size or shape covering the sides, flanks and under-parts. Elongated spots or
bars on the legs. Tail is evenly ringed with a solid tip of the pattern colour. Paws may be
spotted on top, undersides of paws and hocks are of the pattern colour.
Marbled - The marbling consists of symmetrically placed patches of the darker pattern colour,
broken internally with blotches of lighter colours, on a pale ground. Margins between
ground colour and patches may be uneven, but should be clearly delineated. Ground
colour has uneven margins along the spine. Head shows dark lines from the corner of the
eye, below the eye and below the jaw to meet mid-cheek below the ear. Markings on the
forehead form an “M” shape with a coronet, the central apex of which reaches to between
the ears. From the coronet, four parallel lines run over the top of the head and down the
neck. The body shows marbled pattern on shoulders, sides and flanks, the flow of the
pattern is horizontal, not vertical. Dark spine-line from the mid-point of the rib-cage to the
base of the tail bordered by two bands of lighter colour. Belly spotted with a least two
rows of rather heavy elliptical spots. Chest shows a series of broken or unbroken
necklaces which extend from the shoulder pattern. Irregular shaped banding on the upper
legs, incomplete smaller bands and spots on lower legs and feet. Underside of paws and
hocks in darker pattern colour. Banding on the upper surface of tail irregular, scalloped in appearance in side view. Underside pale.
Coat Colour - In all cases the overall colour should be rich and warm, paler on the underparts
of the body and with darker rufus tones on nose, cheeks and ears present even in
the pale colours. Chocolate, Lilac, Gold and Peach coloured kittens are very much paler than adults, with the rufus tones dominating the body markings. Full colour develops in an adult cat of approximately 2 years old.
Brown - (Genotype AA BB/Bb/Bb1 cbcb DD/Dd)
Seal brown markings against a silvery fawn to old ivory ground.
Nose Leather: Brick red outlined in brown
Blue - (Genotype AA BB/Bb/Bb1 cbcb dd)
Bluish-grey markings against a warm oatmeal to pinkish cream agouti ground
Nose Leather: Pink outlined in blue
Chocolate - (Genotype AA bb/bb1 cbcb DD/Dd)
Warm milk chocolate markings against a creamy fawn to old ivory agouti ground
Nose Leather: Pinkish-brick outlined in chocolate
Lilac - (Genotype AA bb/bb1 cbcb dd)
Dove grey markings against a delicate pale pinkish mushroom agouti ground.
Nose Leather: Pale pink outlined in dove grey
Paw-pads: Dusty pink
Gold - (Genotype AA b1b1 cbcb DD/Dd)
Old gold markings against a rich cream ground. Rufus tonings on ear tips, nose, underside of paws and tail tip intensify the colour to bronze .
Nose Leather: Pinkish orange outlined in bronze.
Peach - (Genotype AA b1b1 cbcb dd)
Pinkish markings against a pale pinkish cream ground. Ear tips, top of head and back brushed with a feint lilac lilac bloom salmon. Rufus tonings salmon pink. A warm extremely vibrant colour.
Nose Leather: Pale pink outlined in salmon pink
Condition - Cats should feel firm and muscular and of good weight for size.
Temperament - The Australian Mist is an even tempered cat, any tendency to aggression
should be penalised .
Withholding Certificates and First Prizes in Kitten Open Classes for:
1. Small or fine boned adults
2. Body that is too cobby or oriental in shape
3. Small or close set eyes
4. Round or oriental shaped eyes
5. Shallow or long skull
6. Small or upright ears
7. Whippy tail
8. Lack of weight, poor muscle tone and/or condition
9. White toes or white marks/spots anywhere not in colour description
10. Blue, Amber or Orange eye-colour
11. Incorrect tabby pattern, colour or ground colour
12. Coat which is woolly or single/thin with no resilience or too long
13. Any defect as listed in the preface to this SOP booklet
14. Extremely aggressive behaviour
15 Pattern on flanks obscured by overmasking, resulting in lack of definition.
1. Pinched muzzle in adults
2. Slight bony excrescence at end of tail
3. Distinct bump on nose or definite Roman nose
This breed standard has been produced . in accordance with the wishes of the breed founder Dr Truda Straede.
GCCF BREED NUMBERS
Brown 85 30 85 20
Blue 85 30a 85 20a
Chocolate 85 30b 85 20b
Lilac 85 30c 85 20c
Gold 85 30k 85 20k
Peach 85 30r 85 20r
Fife BREED NUMBERS
Brown n24 n22
Blue a24 a22
Chocolate b24 b22
Lilac c24 c22
Gold o24 o22
Peach p24 p22
TICA Breeding Policy for the Australian Mists
The Australian Mist is a developed breed with a significant history. It was developed in
Australia by Dr. Truda Straede and achieved championship status in Australia over 30 years ago.
The original crosses were one half Burmese (Australian stylem more European type), one quarter Abyssinian, and one quarter Domestic Shorthair Spotted tabby. Over thirty individual cats were involved in the original breedings so the breed has a very diverse gene pool.
There have also been a few out crossings since further increasing the gene pool and adding diversity. The cats were selected for only shorthair, tabby,Burmese gene, and eumelanistic colors. Because of the involvement of the Abyssinian, the cinnamon gene was introduced.
The desired cat was a spotted or later marbled tabby in Sepia colors with a ticked overlay. Therefore the accepted colors are Seal Sepia, Chocolate Sepia, Cinnamon
Sepia, Blue Sepia, Lilac Sepia, and Fawn Sepia in spotted or marbled tabby pattern.
Outcrossing We do not feel that additional hybridization with the source breeds is needed to
maintain the health of the breed at this point in time
at higher generations than is allowed in TICA. Therefore we are requesting that it be considered a Category 1 breed (no outcrosses to other breeds within a 3 generation pedigree for showing in championship). This is also consistent with the registration requirements in Australia.
However there are further considerations that we recommend. It is strongly suggested that no
further out crosses be made to the Abyssinian and Burmese breeds. The gene pool in the
Burmese has issues of its own and out crosses to the Abyssinian breed have resulted in various allergies that presented as skin and asthma like disorders. There are genetic health disorders in each of the two breeds as well. DNA testing is available for most of these, but at this point there is no test available to detect the cause of higher predisposition of South East Asian cats to develop FIP. The domestic cats in Australia are primarily identified as European sourced – not Southeast Asian. So it is our recommendation that further out crosses be domestics. Because the Australian Mists were developed in Australia from Australian cats – we feel that this should continue at this point with any new bloodlines to be developed there or from cats sourced from Australia. Development of new lines in Australia is very closely controlled by the registries there. A breeder must first have a permit before they can develop new bloodlines. Currently there are a couple of new lines being worked on – based on the addition of new Australian domestic outcrosses. All progeny anticipated to be used in subsequent generations are being genetically tested before they are bred further – selecting against such undesirable recessive factors as the pointed gene cs and longhair.
Genetic Testing Blood Typing
Many Australian Mists have already been genetically tested for a number of genetically carried aliments as well as Type b blood. One of the last group of domestics that was used was a Type b (A/b) carrier and it has shown up in the genetic testing. It is not felt that the gene pool is large enough to be divided into two groups – the A and the b blood types, so most Mist breeders are working to reduce then eliminate the b group over a period of time.
Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PK Def) Dr. Lyons included some of the Australian Mists in a survey genetic testing
in the United Kingdom and one or two were heterozygous for PK Def. Subsequent testing has been done and no homozygotes have been found. All of the cats imported from Australia to the U.S. have been tested and are negative. Selective breeding will eliminate this issue from the breed. Burmese hypokalemia A number of Australian Mists have been tested for Burmese hypokalemia and none have tested positive. No cases of the ailment have arisen either, so it is believed that the breed is free of the ailment.
Far Future Plans:
Dr. Straede always bred her Mists with health and temperament as major concerns and it is our intent to continue that legacy. She is also a scientist however and if there are further revelations in genetic testing in the future – such as highly disease resistant lines of cats – then I am sure that we could consider judicious out crossing to such sources regardless of geographic location while still maintaining the type and temperament of the original breed
TICA AUSTRALIAN MIST BREED STANDARD
AUSTRALIAN MIST (AUM) HEAD. 40 points Muzzle. 9 Ears. 9 Eyes 8 Profile. 5 Shape. 4 Nose/chin 3 Neck. 2 BODY. 35 points
Torso 10 Boning 8 Musculature.8 Tail. 6 L egs/Feet. 3 COAT/COLOR/PATTERN 25 points Color. 9 Pattern 9 Texture/Length 7
CATEGORY: Sepia ONLY DIVISIONS: Tabby - Spotted and Marbled ONLY COLORS: Limited to eumelanistic colors ONLY PERMISSIBLE OUTCROSSES: None.
HEAD: Shape: Broad modified wedge with gently rounded contours from front to back and from side to side. Rounded cheek bones of good breadth in proportion to the breadth of skull. The junction of the nose, cheeks, and inner corner of the eyes forms a definite depression on either side of the bridge of the nose.
Eyes: Medium to large, slanting slightly toward the nose, upper lid nearly straight, lower lid deeply curved, well open, set wide apart. Lustrous color in clear shadings of green ranging from chartreuse to aquamarine. Points equally divided between size, shape, set and color.
Ears: Moderately large, wide at the base, rounded tips, set as much on the top as to the side of the head, opening to the front, not upright, but angled slightly to the side, tilted slightly forward.
Muzzle: The muzzle is pronounced but not extremely wide.
Foreface blunt, nose leather and chin flanked by well developed whisker pads; all four (chin, nose, and whisker pads) of comparable shape and area, giving the appearance of a four leaf clover. Viewed from the side, all components aligned in the same vertical plane. Chin: Firm, of sufficient depth and width to balance the depth and width of the nose leather.
Profile: A concave curve below the line of the eyes and a convex curve above that line flowing into the curve of the forehead, the two parts of the curve being of equal length.
Nose: Broad, moderately short and of even width with no distinct nose break.
Neck: Curve at back of the skull flows smoothly into a neck of medium length, in proportion to the body.
BODY: Torso: Medium in length.
Chest broad and round.
Legs/Feet: Proportionately strong, hind legs slightly higher than forelegs. Feet oval. Tail: Length in balance with the body, thick with minimal taper, well furred.
Boning: Medium Musculature: Hard and muscular, heavier than it appears.
COAT/COLOR/PATTERN: Length: Short. Texture: Glossy, dense and resilient.
Color: Overall color should be rich and warm, paler on the underbody, with rufous toning on nose, cheeks and ears present in even the palest colors. Markings are delicate though distinct from the paler ground color. Chocolate, lilac, cinnamon and fawn kittens are very much paler than adults, with the rufous toning dominating the body markings. Full color is not obtained until two years of age
Pattern: The spotted and marbled patterns should be seen despite the diffusing effect of the characteristic misting. Pattern is more apparent when viewed from a distance. Spotted: Body markings symmetrical spots of any size or shape over sides, flanks and belly. Elongated spots or banding on the legs permissible. Marbled: This is a modified marbled pattern. The marbling consists of symmetrically placed patches of the darkest color, broken internally with blotches of lighter colors, on a pale ground. Margins between ground color and dark patches may be uneven, but should be clearly delineated. Ground color has uneven margins along the spine. GENERAL DESCRIPTION: Dr. Truda Straede created and developed the Australian Mists from her initial idea in 1977 to full championship in the Australian registries in 1986. Developed over more than 25 years - the Australian Mists have a very large gene pool derived from 50% European style Burmese, 25% Abyssinian, and 25% Domestic Spotted tabby. Outcrossing to the original breeds is no longer recommended. The Australian Mist is known for its exceptional temperament! It is a wellbalanced gently contoured cat of moderate foreign type, with no tendency to extremes in any of its characteristics. Both males and females have well sculpted facial features creating an open generous expression. The males are usually larger than females, with facial characteristics and musculature more developed. Muscle development, coat texture and eye color achieve adult expression by 2 years of age. LOCKETS: Withhold all awards ALLOWANCES: Lighter coat color in kittens. Mature males that exhibit jowls. PENALIZE: Pinched muzzle; Roman nose; whippy tail. WITHHOLD ALL AWARDS (WW): White toes. Blue, amber or orange eyes. Pattern on flanks obscured by over masking resulting in lack of definition. DISQUALIFY (DQ): Any malocclusion, wry mouth, overshot or undershot jaw. Visible tail fault. Fixed deviation of the sternum in adults. Abnormal skull structure. DEFINITIONS: MISTING: A term referring to an effect whereby the tabby pattern definition is diffused by a combination of the sepia color restriction gene, the relative thickness of the agouti hairs and non-agouti hairs, and the length of banding on the agouti element lending an ethereal appearance. OVERMASKING: An occurrence in tabby patterned cats whereby the pattern color becomes almost uniform over the back and down the sides such that no ticking or pattern is visible. Temperament must be unchallenging; any sign of definite challenge shall disqualify. The cat may exhibit fear, seek to flee, or generally complain aloud but may not threaten to harm. In accordance with Show Rules, ARTICLE SIXTEEN, the following shall be considered mandatory disqualifications: a cat that bites (216.9), a cat showing evidence of intent to deceive (216.10), adult whole male cats not having two descended testicles (216.11), cats with all or part of the tail missing , except as authorized by a board approved standard (216.12.1), cats with more than five toes on each front foot and four toes on each back foot, unless proved the result of an injury or as authorized by a board approved standard (216.12.2), visible or invisible tail faults if Board approved standard requires disqualification (216.12.4), crossed eyes if Board approved standard requires disqualification (216.12.5), total blindness (216.12.6), markedly smaller size, not in keeping with the breed (216.12.9), and depression of the sternum or unusually small diameter of the rib cage itself (220.127.116.11). See Show Rules, ARTICLE SIXTEEN for more comprehensive rules governing penalties and disqualifications. Revised 1/23/2015 Australian Mist 05/01/2015